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Neurology

 
Neurology

Neurology is concerned with diseases of the neurological system. The essence of the neurological disease is damage to its vital parts, its structural transformation and functional change due to it. Neurological examination provides us with an answer as to which systems have been damaged, what the histopathology and nature of the disease is, and what the treatment is. Damage to the nervous system is often not an independent disease, but appears as complications to damages of other organs. Most common symptoms of neurology are head and back ache, pain syndromes, dizziness, numbness, weakness, visual impairment, loss of consciousness, memory and thinking impairment.

 Main types of neurological diseases:

  • developmental disorders
  • consequences of neurological injuries
  • inflammatory diseases
  • diseases of immunological origin (e.g. sclerosis multiplex)
  • transient ischemic attack (TIA, stroke)
  • epilepsies and other fainting seizures
  • degenerative (with extensive nerve cell destruction) diseases
    • movement disorders (Parkinson’s and syndromes similar to Parkinson’s)
    • diseases leading to intellectual performance impairment (dementia), particularly Alzheimer’s disease
  • pain diseases (particularly headaches, nerve pain, back pain)
  • spine and spinal cord diseases
  • the diseases of the muscles and nerves around
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